PaR - Processes as RequirementsIntroduction

PaR - Processes as Requirements

methodical framework


"Did your processes become a heavyweight backpack to be carried by the projects?
And not a lightweight intrinsic approach that really helps the projects?
It gets better when processes are designed as requirements that are reused in the projects.
And this automatically suggests establishing process platforms for product platforms."
           (Ralf Bürger)


>PaRamount<   >PaRade<   >PaRis<


Most accessed


>The Booklet<
Download PDF: PaR - The Booklet

>The Book (Teaser)<
Download Teaser PDF: PaR - The Book

>The Insert<
Download PDF: PaR - The Insert

>The Slide<
Download PDF: PaR - The Slide

>The Page<
Download PDF: PaR - The Page




 31. May.
  • Together with Martin Becker from Fraunhofer IESE I prepared the "call for paper" for the ESE conference in December in Sindelfingen (Germany) to present PaR.
  • To finalize the booklet "PaR - for Polarion" for download from this website I am negotiating a contract with Fraunhofer IESE to show their logo in the booklet because Max Schmitt provided most of the content.
 19. May.
  • Again I swapped and renamed sub-chapters, this time for "The art of process design", "Famous process models" and "The process house". This also enables me to add my old favourite topic of SADITÜP - those of you who know me since at least 10 years may know what I mean ;-)
 18. May.
  • Today one year ago Barack Obama held a speech to students, saying "First, don't be afraid. ... Second, do what you think is right. ... Finally, build a community. No one does big things by themselves." And this is my favourite citing of the year and I took it on the official intro page of The Booklet and The Book. This also means that I'm working on PaR and The Book since much more than a year - and I'm still not done and have many ideas to further describe and improve it.
 16. May.
  • And now I also reworked and indexed the chapters 4.5 and 4.6, also with the footnotes and diagrams.
  • A lot more can be done in chapter 4 for sure, but first it is time to get the chapter 5 a little bit more consistent.
 11. May.
  • I recently reworked chapter 4.3 asking "When are requirements good (enough)?", the text description as well as the formula and the example list.
  • I now also reworked chapter 4.4 "The art of process design", focusing the text, refining and numbering the steps, and enhancing the diagram for the process to design processes.
 26. Apr.
  • I shifted the chapter "Complicate, complex, chaotic" upfront to become the first sub-chapter of chapter 4 "Principles". Thereby I now can apply the terms already for the "Cascading ..." and REGERE sub-chapters.
  • The 3 terms complicate, complex, chaotic are now formatted bold and blue throughout the book, also in the index. This helps the reader to realize that I use those terms by purpose with the defined meaning.
  • I reworked the sub-chapter for "Cascading what and how" completely, and I also replaced the diagram with a new one to show the two different dimensions of "what" and "how" more clearly. It is the third diagram version now and it gets better from time to time ;-)
 19. Apr.
  • From reading the hardcover test print I refined in chapter 3.1 the consistency of PaR requirements references and added benefit references.
  • I also reworded chapters 3.2 to 3.4 for the PaRis maps to further improve readability and consistency.
 13. Apr.
  • The updates here get less, but the work in the background gets more and more. I'm still working with Max on the booklet for Polarion, with Bernhard on the one for Jira with R4J, I joined several conferences and discussions to align with many interesting people, read some interesting books and get connected with the authors.
  • But mainly I worked on "PaR - The Book": I ordered a print as hardcover for the first time, made a deep review and changed a lot to improve look & feel, reading, wording and consistency.
  • I also improved the "art of process design" with diagrams, explained the required tool features in much more detail, and improved the process risks topic and much more. It will take some more weeks to really get done with the enhancements and then I will add more ideas from my backlog.
  • Stay tuned - it's worth it! Meanwhile check the teaser of The Book - I have updated and exchanged some pages.
 21. Mar.
  • The chapter 9.4 of The Book now has an introduction sub-chapter that separates the basic required tool features from the advanced ones. This idea came from a discussion with Bernhard (ease solutions) about the Jira/R4J booklet and the features discussed there. I took the opportunity to enhance the other sub-chapters for all the features a little bit more, also with screenshots. I think this helps a lot in getting an impression of how PaR can be implemented, and this always is a point in the discussions. I also improved the index with the help of a bottle of white wine (defining the index is really tough!) and I ordered a test print for The Book as hard cover for the first time because it just went past the 150 pages. I'm really looking forward to hold it in my hands, also as motivation to continue in this tough project phase!!!
 16. Mar.
  • More and more often I realize that many companies, consultants and tool makers discuss how the designed processes shall be distributed and how important it is that the teams accept them. On a conference last week the keynote was discussing the paradigms for transformation, e.g. from push to pull. All of the discussed ideas and aspects are covered by PaR, focusing on the project teams and emphasizing a learning culture. But I also warn about switching from one extreme to the other one: don't kick out the graphical process design. It gives good overviews and helps. Instead stop at a certain level and then support it by PaR. In The Book I'm currently working on the chapters 4.2 about not detailing too much and 4.3 about the art of process design.
 CW 08
  • The booklet "PaR - for Polarion" is almost done - thanks Max for doing a great job here. We are now in final review sessions within the community and within Fraunhofer IESE. This also already lead to minor changes on the community page "About us" and the "Downloads" page. Further more, we plan to show it up on XING and LinkedIn and other communities as soon as it is fully done. And then we will focus on "PaR - for Jira" with Bernhard from ease solutions.
  • A discussion was going on in the last weeks about joining the conference re:work in September in Berlin again and also other conferences when the Corona thing is done.
  • We also discussed typical process design and project scenarios with typical tool use cases (chapter 11 in The Book).
  • I also improved the chapter 9.3 in The Book about the needed tool features for PaR; this also helps the people working on the tool booklets and tool implementations.
  • We further discussed in the community about the UML/SysML representation/implementation of the PaRis. Thanks to the community for supporting all these the discussions.
 CW 07
  • The chapter "UML in PaRis" in The Book is now filled to explain the even more detailed PaRis by UML elements and relations. Thereby I again changed some of the relation types to make it more consistent and clearer.
 CW 06
  • The "PaRticular cases" in chapter 11 of The Book now have names according to a common pattern, are sorted along the "Enterprise Life cycle Management" which is shown by a diagram also. It makes much more sense now and feels a lot better.
  • I did some fine-tuning on the "PaR - for Jama", based on the experience with the "PaR - for Polarion" that is currently in work with Max.
  • The chapter 9.3 of The Book now describes in detail the requested product features, for each also showing the summary from The Booklet as an introduction. Screenshots from various tools show example usage of the described features. I hope this chapter now is a good help for Max and Bernhard also who currently work on the tool booklets for Polarion and for Jira. Now this chapter is ready for continuous improvements.
  • Max Schmitt from IESE Fraunhofer did a very good job on the exemplary PaR implementation for Polarion. He used my draft document do create the "PaR - for Polarion" tool booklet. I just finished a review round and in the next step I will give it a try to work in Polarion according to this documentation. We expect publishing the document on the Downloads web page in about a month.
  • Together with Martin Becker from IESE Fraunhofer I'm starting to work out typical PaR scenarios in process design and projects to show how to handle them practically. This will also end up in use cases of the requested tool features. Currently it is chapter 11 of The Book - I hope this is not an evil omen ;-)
 CW 05
  • I started to create an exemplary simple business process to show why PaR is not really made for that but rather for complex projects. But I will use that simple example also to explain how creating a process landscape with a graphical process design tool makes sense and on which level it is good to step over to PaR. It will end up in an example for The Book as well as for future trainings.
  • I added an "inside front cover" and a preface page to "The Book".
  • I finished the storyboard for the opening and closing video clips. See the new screenshot of The Brain example extract on the page The Videos.
  • Out of hundreds of music titles from several platforms I found a nice title and the founder and owner of made a friendly GEMA-free commercial license offer.
  • My DJI OSMO Mobile Prime Combo was delivered yesterday and now I'm waiting for my new iPhone 12 Pro to take the first clips in Dolby Vision with the awesome 52mm Tele.
  • I prepared my PaR YouTube channel for the upcoming video sessions with a banner that is suitable for all media types. See the page "The Videos".
  • I created "The Brain" for PaR. This helps me planning and managing the next big steps, also together with the community members. See a screenshot at the bottom of the page "About me".
  • Bernhard Doleschel from Ease Solutions gave a PaR Community introduction to the tool Jira with their plug-in R4J (Requirements for Jira). Thanks for the good session Bernhard!
  • Ok, my manual HTML4 formatting of the website is pretty old-school, but that's what I can do. Now I redesigned a bit and added a ruler for optimal width - isn't that cool? :-)
  • The Booklet is now listed by Amazon, see the new link on the page "How to buy" - but of course we all should prefer epubli who prints and ships it anyway.
  • I spent the last couple of days also on a new sub-chapter in The Book on writing requirements, good requirements, good enough.
  • From 2010 to 2014 I had given trainings on requirements engineering and management for >DEUTSCHE KONGRESS<. For later PaR trainings I will come back to them.
  • The Book Teaser made it onto this homepage also, and now it shows the word "Teaser" also on the thumbnail image everywhere.
  • The last change in The Booklet before publishing was on the relations wording again and very few other words.
  • Happy New Year - I am starting 2021 with publishing The Booklet as ISBN 978-3-753141-74-9, see the page "How to buy" and the link to epubli there.
  • Somehow 2020 for me was my best year as well as my worst year, due to PaR and Corona. And somehow I have a feeling that 2021 will get even better as well as worse - #StayAtHome. The Booklet is ready for publishing and continuos improvement, and The Book now got more than 100 pages, a good structure and many interesting aspects.
  • I now created a 16-page teaser of "The Book" that is available from the downloads page and the how-to-buy page.
  • "The Book" got 5 photos from my traveling to make it more personal and more attractive.
  • "The Book" got 5 PaRts now, bringing more structure into the content.
  • I now also updated the German edition of "The Booklet" ("Das Heft"), aligning it with the English addition again.
  • I improved the "PaRadigm shift" in "The Book", but here the content of the corresponding chapter of "The Booklet" is a sub-chapter only.
  • I started to explain at least a bit the magic V cycle for uniting for a truly holistic approach
  • I added Bernhard to the impressums of the documents because he is getting more and more into the feedback loops and co-work.
  • I worked with Bernhard Doleschel from ease solutions on the exemplary Jira with R4J implementation, and we already started the booklet "PaR - for Jira with R4J".
  • The Booklet pages 7-9 are reworked regarding the relations after the UML definition in The Book.
  • The 5 keywords are now highlighted on the pages 7-9, again in blue bold italic style, repeating from the one-pager, the table of contents and the challenges.
  • Thanks to the good discussion with Andrea in a community session I reworked the content of the "PaRadigm shift" page in The Booklet.
  • The chapter "Uniting for a truly holistic approach" now shows a supersize V-Model for the first time. Martin wants to address this topic at universities also.
  • I changed the comments on the diagrams for REG and COP to make it more consistent.
  • I took the opportunity to change all arrows of the overview PaRis diagrams to 3px thickness and large style arrow ends.
  • Most document titles now got the addition "methodical framework".
  • In all documents the short versions of the 5 challenges now have the key word upfront, also in an italic shape.
  • I use the term "approach" now only for "agile approaches" or "platform approaches".
  • I added a chapter "Dark side of PaR", where I explain what typically can go wrong with PaR also.
  • I checked all PaR web pages and adapted as needed (mainly the PaRade and a new question for this in the FAQ).
  • From the German translation I figured out that "legal" should better be replaced by "laws" for terminology consistency.
  • I reworked the SWOT after exactly 3 months now.
  • In all documents it is now either "PaR" or "the PaR framework" or a "methodical framework".
  • With a license for Lucidchart from I created the draft of a more technical PaRis in UML with defined UML action relations.
  • I attended the >25th anniversary< event of Scrum. The changes also help me for PaR, which gives the processes more in the hands of the teams by definition.
  • In a community session we had a very good introduction to Organizational Change Management and KPI/Measuring from Sylwia.
  • I refined "The Splashes", on the web page, in The Deck and in The Booklet in different order.
  • At the end of The Booklet I use a before empty page now for the introduction of the chapter "PaRadigm shift" from "The Book".
  • The measurement KPIs and the tool features are now numbered.
  • Good start implementing PaR in Jira with R4J with Bernhard Doleschel from ease solutions.
  • The detailed PaRis now got real cyclic arrows between the cascaded COP and Project boxes. Good idea Andrea, thanks!
  • I now have described example item type fields in a table in the tool feature section of "The Book".
  • I started to create the index for "The Book", and while doing so I figured out that I mixed the words "merge" and "unite" at several places.
  • Started with Max from IESE Fraunhofer to implement PaR in Polarion.
  • I now provide the "Code of Conduct" also in German to end the discussions about the interpretation of the English wording.
  • Adding Ease Solutions to the page "About us". Bernhard from Ease Solutions joins the PaR community and we want to implement a reference solution of PaR for Jira with R4J.
  • I registered further domains for PaR and configured http redirections.
  • In the book I extended the "PaRadigm shift" because it is soooooo important.
  • Several good discussions ongoing after the presentation of PaR at the re:WORK conference in Berlin. Some people and companies are also actively working on in.
  • Working on "The Book" to describe Product Family Engineering with a nice diagram.
  • I reworked in "The Book" the "Cascading what and how" and also the diagram, to show real cascades instead of a 2x2 matrix.
  • For the German "The Booklet" ("Das Heft") I now also translated the diagram elements to German.
  • Now also the English video and slides of the PaR introduction at the re:WORK conference are online.
  • The PPTX of both English and German decks are available in MS Teams for the community now.
  • Attendees of the re:WORK conference requested "The Book" as Draft PDF - and they got it instantly of course. From the discussions I also enhanced the new FAQ page.
  • The 30min video for the re:WORK is done and uploaded to YouTube; slides as MS PowerPoint and PDF.
  • Sascha had a discussion with IBM about their implementation of ASPICE and automotive process in ELM - pretty close to PaR. We agreed on continuing the discussion.
  • Posting The Splashes on XING in a weekly cycle.
  • Thanks to Martin from IESE Fraunhofer I can present the PaR approach at the >re:WORK 2020 conference< in Berlin 27.Sep-29.Sep.
  • The German translation of "The Booklet" is done and available for free download now.
  • The new "WOP" item type is now briefly explained in "The Booklet" and "The Book"
  • Created a template from the "PaR - for Jama". The tool implementation exemplifications now are for free download also.
  • First PaR Community Weekly with 5/10 people on 07.Sep., exactly one month after going online with the website.
  • Microsoft Teams PaR team with channel "6-under-PaR" set up.
  • I got my new RØDE microphone, Logitech StreamCam, Logitech Capture app and the studio Soft Light (with more than 100 LEDs) - see fotos on page "About me".
  • "The Deck" is new with 18 PDF slides that can be used in presentations.
  • "The Insert" is new - download, print, fold, insert into multipage documents, for overview to ease reading and as book mark.
  • All Splashes and the article are presented one after the other on LinkedIn and the Website.
  • First time I sent a newsletter to the community, since we are more than 10 now.
  • Almost everything is now provided under >CC BY-SA 4.0< as described in Impressum/Legal and each document offered for download or sale.
  • The Needs and benefits are numbered now, and they are now referenced in the explanations. But the detailed requirements are for "The Book" only.
  • The covers are simplified by removing the explanatory texts from the diagrams.
  • Impressum in "The Booklet" and "The Book" reworked completely to prepare publishing with ISBN, thanks to the author support of epubli.
  • Used the SWOT to rework "The Slide" and "The Page" for the challenges and solutions as well as the benefits.
  • The PaRis diagrams now show the "Project" cascaded in the middle, because helping the projects is our focus.
  • The website of the new domains https://ProcessesAsRequirements.* is now (07.Aug.2020) online. On the page of Ralf (SSE) PaR has been reduced to a tidbit accordingly.